DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.

Chapter 6:

1. Visual arts should be integrated into science, social studies, and all other subjets because art transforms words and art and represents ideas. art engages emotions and motivates. Beauty is a source of imagination and some art pieces can be so beautiful that they can lure the heart into profound imagination, which also develops attention to detail. AI develops high level thinking. Art involves more than the use of hands. Perceiving visual images is a cognitive event in which seeing and understanding linked. Through guided creative inquiry,students make this discovery and learn to think beyond the literal while examining details and making sense from symbols and patterns. It also gives students the opportunity to be unique and build confidence. In the arts, creativity is more openly valued and occurs in a noncompetitive context, which supports experimenting with the focus on novel thinking. It is also a great way to integrate many disciplines and excite the student. Lastly, assessing through the arts is “student friendly” meaning that it relieves more stress for the student and the assessment, is solely based in the end product.

2. Teachers need to know how to impelment art by including a concrete thought and being able to discuss a piece. Another important component is knowing artists, this allows for students to familiarize themselves with artists by asking questions and gain insight. This can only be done if the instructor is familiar with the background of who that artist is. 

3. To create a meaningful and successful lesson using arts integration, educators and art specialists collaborate with one another to implement the skills and strategies for students to become visually stimulated and engaged, while still sticking to state standards. Classroom teachers need the expertise of visual arts specialists to identify of art knowledge  and skills that students need to be taught  including  specific art language, examples of artwork, and art-making options.


DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.

I choose the research of Arts Integration and Learning in Tennessee. The research states “Students in an arts-based middle school had higher standardized test scores than the students in the traditional curriculum group”. I find this very interesting, especially because this happened in a middle school. I feel incorporating arts into a lesson plan for middle school is a lot more difficult than in elementary school because there are a lot more standards to meet. Which leads to teachers becoming more stressed and leaning more to exams. However, if it is possible to include arts into learning all subjects, it’ll bring greater achievements for all students.

I definitely see the benefits from Arts Integration in classrooms in the 21st century. I, myself, tutor a group of 2nd and 3rd graders at Allison Elementary School. They are at the age of running around and being jittery with their fingers and legs. Because of this, I try to implement Art into my lesson plans for different activities. However, I unquestionably discover how difficult it is to create a lesson plan that is both energetic and hands-on and has to do with Black History Month. From my experience, I find it interesting how the state of Tennessee managed to incorporate Arts Integration in their schools for a period of time, so that their test scores increased. 

DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.
  1. Students will learn communication skills with their teacher and their peers.
  2. Students will be able to work with others.
  3. Students will gain confidence.
  4. Students will increase their imagination.
  5. Students will be able to comprehend materials better and faster.
  6. Students will be able to connect two ideas in one.
  7. Students will connect what they learned in class into the outside world.
  8. Students will learn how to negotiate.
  9.  Students gain complex problem solving skills.
  10. Students will be able to listen to others and cooperate.

In society, children are absorbed in their smart phones and technology that they lack communication skills and creativity. By incorporating arts into a lesson for any subject, it will greatly increase all these benefits written above for each student. Also, by working together with another class portrays teamwork between teachers, which is a great example for students. Also, many students lack confidence. Whether it may be from home or from school, students are unable to believe in themselves. This could be the result from exams and from projects that teachers give to students and base their students intellectual level by these scores. By eliminating exams and graded processes, it’ll bring out students confidence and they will be able to comprehend materials better and faster because they believe in themselves. Incorporating art into lessons delivers great benefits. These benefits are advantageous for each student, whether it may be in school or in work. 

DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.

Chapter 2

  • What are sources of AI philosophy?  How does a clear mission and vision support AI implementation?

The sources of AI philosophy are from beliefs from teachers that grow out of knowledge about learning theories, educational research, and professional wisdom. Schools create a mission statement to portray what they want to do, why, and for whom. Without a clear mission from the school or teachers, AI efforts often stumble because it is not focused or directed to work. It states in the book that “creative and sincere mission statements can motivate and inspire teachers and students, causing them to feel that their work is significant and contributes to the future” (Cornett 49).

Now, the vision statement uses the mission as a guide so that educators can decide which direction will bring a better outcome from their students.


  • Why and how is creative inquiry central to AI and to learning and life?

Creativity is defined as the use of the imagination or original ideas, especially in the production of an artistic work. In the book, creativity is described as “using ordinary resources of the mind in extraordinary ways” (Cornett 55). Inquiry suggests a “more open-ended investigation driven by the need to make sense or create something that communicates meaning” (Cornett 59). The creative inquiry process has 2I’s and 7C’s: Context, challenge, collect, connect, conclude, critique, communicate, imagine possibilities, incubate.


  • What are major brain research findings that support AI?

They found that one main factor plays a major role in a students education, despite their economic background, IQ, and education; the teacher. Other research findings are:

  1. Academic achievement
  2. Cognitive/higher order thinking
  3. Literacy/math
  4. Affective/motivational changes
  5. Social growth
  6. Learning environment
  7. Diverse learners


Chapter 3

  • How do each of the ten Pillars support AI?


  1. Philosophy of AI: This is the philosophy about the goals of education, given changing societal and personal needs. Central AI believe in strong values for diversity, creative inquiry, active learning, and student independence.
  2. Arts Literacy: This pillar is mostly based on the educator leading the lesson. The art specialist must provide in-depth instruction so that teachers can incorporate questions in their classroom.  Purposes of the art, processes of the art, people, products or art forms(text), art elements; skills, and concepts. 
  3. Collaborate Planning: AI instruction is brain friendly with teachers working together, weaving arts content and process connections across disciplines. Teachers will work together with art specialists and find overlapping ideas, concepts and skills found in different standards.
  4. Aesthetic Learning Environment: The “place” for students to learn greatly impacts the students. AI seeks energizing learners with an engaging physical and psychological climate. Places that look and feel pleasing stimulates curiosity, surprise, and a sense of mystery for the students. Also, the environment will uplift the mood of students.
  5. Literature as a Core Art Form: Literature is usually not incorporated with art. However, in AI, it is important for teachers to incorporate art into books. Many children books has pictures incorporated so that readers have a big overview in what is going on in that page.
  6. Best Teaching Practices: AI ultimately rests on good teaching. Meaning what you teach is who you are. Implementing enthusiasm and passion into teaching will draw the students in and captivate their attention.
  7. Differentiation for Students Needs: AI is differentiated instruction that develops, not quashes, individual differences bby expanding each student’s creativity through the addition of communication capacities of arts. It relys on active engagement, communication options, and creative inquiry. Each student is not alike. Not all students are “painted with the same brush” and differentiation is about instructional individualization (the process of not seeing or treating two people as if they are one).
  8. Instructional Design: Routines and Structure  : Research and learning theories are being implemented in schools. These routines and structures should be established for the classrooms so that the schools ensure that the arts are permanent members in their curriculum.
  9. Assessment for Learning: In order to gain insight on where each student stands in the class, an assessment is given. These assessments are most likely to be given in a test/exam form. However, these assessments should be directed to how much time a student gave for their work. Their assessment should be based on their effort and not a number that is given to them.
  10.    10.  Arts Partnership: Partnerships is a great way to form mutual support among school arts specialists, teaching artists, community arts organizations, art councils, museums, community orchestras, colleges and universities, national arts organizations and alliances, businesses, and governmental organizations (NEA and NEH). 
DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.